Defensive and religious complex of Kafir Kala

The defensive and religious complex of Kafir Kala is located at the banks of Gunt River, at the top of a picturesque rock massif in the Bogev settlement. The complex consists of two religious buildings and the system of defensive premises.

Kafir Kala (which translated “The fortress of infidels”) came to our days with the form of the stone built fortresses on a top of a flat rock. The citadel with a row of defensive premises and 1.5 m wall from the eastern part built with blocks of stones without any cement with rectangle loopholes. The northern part of the fortress had the natural protection from the edge of the cliffs and the half ruined square premises like a defensive tower is on a small hill. Probably its role was for alarming from the height of the Gunt valley and at the entrance of the Bogevdari valley and also the way to the Shohdara valley which is the birth place of lapis lazuli everything is visible from the top.

Besides that the fortress served as the Pre-Islamic temple. According to the expedition group lead by the archaeologist M. Bubnov (1976-1983) there was found a round building 11 m with 100 square meter and inside it along the wall there was built a sufa 0.5 m high and 0.6 m width similar to a platform.There was a rectangle fire place, the edges which had been covered by clay made blocks. Here, two stones were built into the wall inlays on the south and west sides, the third was located in the front wall. Three oval and small utility buildings were adjoined to the north and eastern part of the temple perhaps they served for meal during the religious holidays.

Another round temple with a diameter of 9.6 m, area 72, 35 sq. m was excavated several ten meters away from the first temple on the lower terrace. The shapes of the temples and their internal parts allowed the archaeologists to relate this construction to the temples of fire. Perhaps it was used for fire worshiping and praying for the sun, although we can`t exclude the use of the sun as a calendar.

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