Republican History and Regional Study Museum named after A. Rudaki was build in 1958 in accordance with the Resolution of the Government of the Tajik SSR in honour of 1100 birth jubilee of Abuabdulloh Rudaki-the founder of the Tajik-Persian classic literature.
The building was specially constructed for this museum by architect Alexander Ivanovich Makukhi. and the facade was decorated by architect Yulia Borisovna Gremyachinskaya. The entrance doors are the work of Barotbekov Yuldoshftek - honored art worker of the Tajik SSR. The window and door alabaster carvings were made by brothers Assadovs.
The museum facade and its halls were reconstructed in 2008 in honour of A. Rudaki's 1150 birth jubilee. The museum has 8 exhibition halls and 3 departments. In the exhibition halls there are exhibits reflecting archaeology, nature, history, culture, mode of life, traditions and customs of peoples of Tajikistan. There is also a hall about the life and activities of A. Rudaki-founder of the Tajik-Persian classic literature.
The exhibits of the first hall are about history and culture of Ancient Sarasm. These finds show about development of farming and city building culture 5500 years ago.The exhibits of the second hall are about history of Ancient Panjakent 5 -8 centuries AD. In the third hall of the museum a lot of artifacts are exhibited which tell us about the period when the Somonid State was founded in Central Asia.
Side by side with other halls there is a hall dedicated to A. Rudaki-the Founder of the Tajik and Persian classic literature.The exhibits of the fifth hall introduce us with ethnography of the Tajik People. Clothes, (embroidered) decorations, dishes of copper and bronze and wooden artifacts are among the exhibits of the hall. In the first show cases we can see clothes of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Here samples of ladies’ clothes are exhibited. There is a dress made of different silk and cotton cloth among them. In the other show case, samples of men's clothes: gowns, a shirt, a turban of various colour, leather trousers, belts with decorations and leather shoes are exhibited.
The exhibits of the sixth hall tell us about establishment of Soviet Power in Tajikistan, formation of the first collective and state farms, years of the Great Patriotic War and history of the Tajik People before independence of the republic.The exhibits of seventh hall tell us about Independence of Tajikistan. Following the example of other Central Asian republics, in September 1991 Tajikistan proclaimed its independence. Tajikistan was acknowledged as an independent country by the UN on the 2nd of March 1992.