Archaeological Complex Hulbuk IX-XI centuries.

Hulbuk archaeological complex located in the village Mehrobod Vose district. It is a medieval fortress, the palace of the ruler, and fragments of the ancient city.

Excavations of the former capital of Khuttal (principality in 690-948 years on the territory of modern Khuroson district of Khatlon region on the right bank of the river Vakhsh) Hulbuk city started in 1950.

The territory of the city, unfortunately, remained under the estates of the village of Kurban Shaid, but the citadel was preserved relatively well. According to the research of archaeologist E. Gulyamova, devoted to the study of the complex for more than 30 years, the city was not walled, as is usually done. Such a state may be indicative of the power and reliability of its borders.

Within sight of the hill fort contours of several artificial hills, under which are hidden the other cities of Khuttal, whose inhabitants appear to have used different types of visual alarms to alert its neighbors about the danger of foreign invasions.

The excavations revealed that the city walls were made of adobe bricks and blocks. Noteworthy is the fact that a burnt brick used in elaborate brickwork at facing adobe walls, the curly patterns on the floors of rooms and courtyards. Also, the walls of many houses were decorated with highly artistic carvings, and ganch plot and ornamental painting. In the cities there were ponds, baths, an extensive network of water supply and sewerage.

In 1978-1990s during the excavation work the whole area of ​​the citadel was uncovered and the Caravanserai, located on the outside of the south wall. It turned out that the citadel consisted of two parts - the upper (southern) and lower (north). In the southern part of the citadel, upper building complex consisting of residential premises, two intersecting corridors, main entrance and quinces, which stretches along the facade was almost completely excavated.

As for the palace, it was built on a high raw platform, its facets were tiled with fired bricks, the same material was paved at the entrance portal base of the hill. The construction area was 50x150 meters, the palace was a two-level, with the most elevated part, rising to 15 m above ground level, the northern part and the southern situated slightly below (10 m). The palace served as a vast courtyard, divided the whole complex into two parts.

In 1999 the complex was included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. It is currently a historical museum-reserve "Hulbuk", occupying 16 hectares. In 2006, "Hulbuk" was opened to the public after a thorough renovation.

Leave a comment